William Sherman cytaty

William Sherman Fotografia
3  0

William Sherman

Data urodzenia: 8. Luty 1820
Data zgonu: 14. Luty 1891

Reklama

William Tecumseh Sherman – amerykański wojskowy i polityk, generał Unii w wojnie secesyjnej.

Sherman urodził się 8 lutego 1820 r. w Lancaster w stanie Ohio. Studiował w akademii wojskowej. Po niczym nie wyróżniającej się karierze wojskowej wystąpił z armii w 1853 r. i został wspólnikiem w firmie finansowej w San Francisco. Był dziekanem college'u wojskowego w Aleksandrii w Luizjanie w latach od 1859 do 1861 r. kiedy to Luizjana wystąpiła z Unii. W chwili wybuchu wojny zgłosił się do armii i objął dowodzeniem ochotniczym regimentem piechoty. Po I bitwie nad Bull Run został gen. brygadierem. Podczas bitwy pod Shiloh 6 kwietnia 1862 r. został nagrodzony za udział w zwycięstwie i awansowany na stopień gen. majora.

W grudniu tegoż roku dowodził szturmem na twierdzę konfederatów Vicksburgu na rzece Missisipi, który jednak nie przyniósł rezultatu. W 1863 r. był podkomendnym Ulyssesa S. Granta, z którym zdobył Vicksburg w lipcu tego roku. Na jesieni 1863 r. zostało mu powierzone dowództwo armii Tennessee. Z armią tą wziął udział w III bitwie pod Chattanoogą.

W 1864 r. Sherman był zwierzchnim dowódcą wszystkich sił na zachodnim teatrze wojennym. Następnie dostał zadanie uderzenia na Georgię i jej stolicę Atlantę. W początkowych miesiącach tej kampanii przegrał bitwę pod Kennsaw Mountain, a Atlanta pozostała niezdobyta przez następne 3 miesiące aż do 1 września. Sherman nakazał palenie wszystkich zasobów, plonów rolnych i innych zapasów, które znajdują się na drodze jego armii; miało to zapobiec zaopatrywaniu się konfederatów w potrzebne materiały na tych terenach . Następnie jego armia rozpoczęła tzw. „marsz ku morzu”. 60 tys. ludzi odbyło drogę ze zdobytej Atlanty aż do Savannah na wybrzeżu. Następnie posuwał się na północ przez Karolinę Płn., aby spotkać się z siłami Granta i osaczyć gen. Lee.

W czasie tego pochodu jego żołnierze niszczyli wszystko, co dostało się w ich ręce . Ta niszczycielska pasja nasiliła się szczególnie w Karolinie Płn., która była obwiniana za wybuch wojny. W lutym 1865 r. Columbia, stolica Karoliny Płd., została praktycznie zrównana z ziemią. Sherman miał nadzieję, że takie działania wpłyną negatywnie na morale południowców i pomogą zakończyć wojnę.

Po 3 miesiącach walki Sherman dotarł do Raleigh w Karolinie Płn. i zaczął przygotowywać się do wkroczenia do Wirginii, ale wojna miała się już ku końcowi. Lee poddał się 9 kwietnia 1865 r., a reszta armii konfederatów, która jeszcze była w stanie stawiać opór, poddała się Shermanowi w Durham Station 26 kwietnia 1865 r.

Po wojnie Sherman otrzymał stopień generała porucznika. Po nominacji Granta na prezydenta awansował do pełnej rangi generalskiej 4 marca 1869 r. i objął dowództwo całej armii USA. Swoje pamiętniki opublikował w 1875 r. W 1883 r. przeszedł na emeryturę. Jego stanowcza odmowa kandydowania na prezydenta Stanów Zjednoczonych przeszła do historii jako oświadczenie shermanowskie. Sherman miał powiedzieć:

„Jeżeli zostanę wystawiony, nie będę kandydować. Jeżeli uzyskam nominację, nie przyjmę jej. Jeżeli zostanę wybrany, nie obejmę urzędu” .

Zmarł w 1891 roku w Nowym Jorku.

Jego bratem był polityk John Sherman, wieloletni senator , sekretarz skarbu i stanu.

Cytaty William Sherman

„Jeżeli zostanę wystawiony, nie będę kandydować. Jeżeli uzyskam nominację, nie przyjmę jej. Jeżeli zostanę wybrany, nie obejmę urzędu.“

— William Sherman
pierwsze tzw. oświadczenie shermanowskie nazwane tak na cześć tej wypowiedzi – Sherman odmawiał w ten sposób kandydowania na urząd prezydenta wbrew namowom niektórych ludzi.

Reklama

„Zrobię z Georgii pustynię.“

— William Sherman
wyruszając w stronę wybrzeża po zajęciu Atlanty.

„You cannot qualify war in harsher terms than I will. War is cruelty, and you cannot refine it; and those who brought war into our country deserve all the curses and maledictions a people can pour out. I know I had no hand in making this war, and I know I will make more sacrifices to-day than any of you to secure peace.“

— William T. Sherman, Memoirs of General W.T. Sherman
Context: You cannot qualify war in harsher terms than I will. War is cruelty, and you cannot refine it; and those who brought war into our country deserve all the curses and maledictions a people can pour out. I know I had no hand in making this war, and I know I will make more sacrifices today than any of you to secure peace. But you cannot have peace and a division of our country. If the United States submits to a division now, it will not stop Context: You cannot qualify war in harsher terms than I will. War is cruelty, and you cannot refine it; and those who brought war into our country deserve all the curses and maledictions a people can pour out. I know I had no hand in making this war, and I know I will make more sacrifices today than any of you to secure peace. But you cannot have peace and a division of our country. If the United States submits to a division now, it will not stop, but will go on until we reap the fate of Mexico, which is eternal war. The United States does and must assert its authority, wherever it once had power; for, if it relaxes one bit to pressure, it is gone, and I believe that such is the national feeling.

„If they want eternal war, well and good; we accept the issue, and will dispossess them and put our friends in their place.“

— William T. Sherman
Context: p>If they want eternal war, well and good; we accept the issue, and will dispossess them and put our friends in their place. I know thousands and millions of good people who at simple notice would come to North Alabama and accept the elegant houses and plantations there. If the people of Huntsville think different, let them persist in war three years longer, and then they will not be consulted. Three years ago by a little reflection and patience they could have had a hundred years of peace and prosperity, but they preferred war; very well. Last year they could have saved their slaves, but now it is too late.All the powers of earth cannot restore to them their slaves, any more than their dead grandfathers. Next year their lands will be taken, for in war we can take them, and rightfully, too, and in another year they may beg in vain for their lives. A people who will persevere in war beyond a certain limit ought to know the consequences. Many, many peoples with less pertinacity have been wiped out of national existence.</p [https://books.google.com/books?id=KZAtAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA280&lpg=PA280&dq=%22If+they+want+eternal+war%22&source=bl&ots=hqqkcQXgYR&sig=op8FljMWJcliz6HsZRrfGO9ShJs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjx38jz5KrKAhVHMz4KHbleCckQ6AEIIjAB#v=onepage&q=%22If%20they%20want%20eternal%20war%22&f=false Letter to Major R.M. Sawyer] (31 January 1864), from Vicksburg.

„And let it be known that if a farmer wishes to burn his cotton, his house, his family, and himself, he may do so. But not his corn. We want that.“

— William T. Sherman
Context: No rebels shall be allowed to remain at Davis Mill so much as an hour. Allow them to go, but do not let them stay. And let it be known that if a farmer wishes to burn his cotton, his house, his family, and himself, he may do so. But not his corn. We want that. Dispatch to Brig. Gen. Stephen Hurlbut (July 1862)<!-- published where? -->

„You people speak so lightly of war; you don't know what you're talking about.“

— William T. Sherman
Context: You people of the South don't know what you are doing. This country will be drenched in blood, and God only knows how it will end. It is all folly, madness, a crime against civilization! You people speak so lightly of war; you don't know what you're talking about. War is a terrible thing! You mistake, too, the people of the North. They are a peaceable people but an earnest people, and they will fight, too. They are not going to let this country be destroyed without a mighty effort to save it … Besides, where are your men and appliances of war to contend against them? The North can make a steam engine, locomotive, or railway car; hardly a yard of cloth or pair of shoes can you make. You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, ingeniously mechanical, and determined people on Earth — right at your doors. You are bound to fail. Only in your spirit and determination are you prepared for war. In all else you are totally unprepared, with a bad cause to start with. At first you will make headway, but as your limited resources begin to fail, shut out from the markets of Europe as you will be, your cause will begin to wane. If your people will but stop and think, they must see in the end that you will surely fail. Comments to Prof. David F. Boyd at the Louisiana State Seminary (24 December 1860), as quoted in The Civil War : A Book of Quotations (2004) by Robert Blaisdell. Also quoted in The Civil War: A Narrative (1986) by Shelby Foote, p. 58.

„You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, ingeniously mechanical, and determined people on Earth — right at your doors.“

— William T. Sherman
Context: You people of the South don't know what you are doing. This country will be drenched in blood, and God only knows how it will end. It is all folly, madness, a crime against civilization! You people speak so lightly of war; you don't know what you're talking about. War is a terrible thing! You mistake, too, the people of the North. They are a peaceable people but an earnest people, and they will fight, too. They are not going to let this country be destroyed without a mighty effort to save it … Besides, where are your men and appliances of war to contend against them? The North can make a steam engine, locomotive, or railway car; hardly a yard of cloth or pair of shoes can you make. You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, ingeniously mechanical, and determined people on Earth — right at your doors. You are bound to fail. Only in your spirit and determination are you prepared for war. In all else you are totally unprepared, with a bad cause to start with. At first you will make headway, but as your limited resources begin to fail, shut out from the markets of Europe as you will be, your cause will begin to wane. If your people will but stop and think, they must see in the end that you will surely fail. Comments to Prof. David F. Boyd at the Louisiana State Seminary (24 December 1860), as quoted in The Civil War : A Book of Quotations (2004) by Robert Blaisdell. Also quoted in The Civil War: A Narrative (1986) by Shelby Foote, p. 58.

Reklama

„Three years ago by a little reflection and patience they could have had a hundred years of peace and prosperity, but they preferred war; very well.“

— William T. Sherman
Context: p>If they want eternal war, well and good; we accept the issue, and will dispossess them and put our friends in their place. I know thousands and millions of good people who at simple notice would come to North Alabama and accept the elegant houses and plantations there. If the people of Huntsville think different, let them persist in war three years longer, and then they will not be consulted. Three years ago by a little reflection and patience they could have had a hundred years of peace and prosperity, but they preferred war; very well. Last year they could have saved their slaves, but now it is too late.All the powers of earth cannot restore to them their slaves, any more than their dead grandfathers. Next year their lands will be taken, for in war we can take them, and rightfully, too, and in another year they may beg in vain for their lives. A people who will persevere in war beyond a certain limit ought to know the consequences. Many, many peoples with less pertinacity have been wiped out of national existence.</p [https://books.google.com/books?id=KZAtAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA280&lpg=PA280&dq=%22If+they+want+eternal+war%22&source=bl&ots=hqqkcQXgYR&sig=op8FljMWJcliz6HsZRrfGO9ShJs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjx38jz5KrKAhVHMz4KHbleCckQ6AEIIjAB#v=onepage&q=%22If%20they%20want%20eternal%20war%22&f=false Letter to Major R.M. Sawyer] (31 January 1864), from Vicksburg.

„It will be a thousand years before Grant's character is fully appreciated. Grant is the greatest soldier of our time if not all time.“

— William T. Sherman
Context: It will be a thousand years before Grant's character is fully appreciated. Grant is the greatest soldier of our time if not all time... he fixes in his mind what is the true objective and abandons all minor ones. He dismisses all possibility of defeat. He believes in himself and in victory. If his plans go wrong he is never disconcerted but promptly devises a new one and is sure to win in the end. Grant more nearly impersonated the American character of 1861-65 than any other living man. Therefore he will stand as the typical hero of the great Civil War in America. [http://www.granthomepage.com/grantgeneral.htm On Ulysses S. Grant] (1885), as quoted in [http://books.google.com/books?id=MZ2BiGC3gHwC&pg=PR8&lpg=PR8&dq=sherman+%22It+will+be+a+thousand+years+before+Grant's+character+is+fully+appreciated%22&source=bl&ots=YddNqD14gr&sig=lO5z_VXQoQ5iY_eSJGot5qHy_JM&hl=en&sa=X&ei=vF65UsC5L-XIsASH6YDICw&ved=0CD0Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q&f=false Grant's Final Victory: Ulysses S. Grant's Heroic Last Year (2011)], by Charles Bracelen Flood.

„A people who will persevere in war beyond a certain limit ought to know the consequences. Many, many peoples with less pertinacity have been wiped out of national existence.“

— William T. Sherman
Context: p>If they want eternal war, well and good; we accept the issue, and will dispossess them and put our friends in their place. I know thousands and millions of good people who at simple notice would come to North Alabama and accept the elegant houses and plantations there. If the people of Huntsville think different, let them persist in war three years longer, and then they will not be consulted. Three years ago by a little reflection and patience they could have had a hundred years of peace and prosperity, but they preferred war; very well. Last year they could have saved their slaves, but now it is too late.All the powers of earth cannot restore to them their slaves, any more than their dead grandfathers. Next year their lands will be taken, for in war we can take them, and rightfully, too, and in another year they may beg in vain for their lives. A people who will persevere in war beyond a certain limit ought to know the consequences. Many, many peoples with less pertinacity have been wiped out of national existence.</p [https://books.google.com/books?id=KZAtAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA280&lpg=PA280&dq=%22If+they+want+eternal+war%22&source=bl&ots=hqqkcQXgYR&sig=op8FljMWJcliz6HsZRrfGO9ShJs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjx38jz5KrKAhVHMz4KHbleCckQ6AEIIjAB#v=onepage&q=%22If%20they%20want%20eternal%20war%22&f=false Letter to Major R.M. Sawyer] (31 January 1864), from Vicksburg.

„You people of the South don't know what you are doing. This country will be drenched in blood, and God only knows how it will end.“

— William T. Sherman
Context: You people of the South don't know what you are doing. This country will be drenched in blood, and God only knows how it will end. It is all folly, madness, a crime against civilization! You people speak so lightly of war; you don't know what you're talking about. War is a terrible thing! You mistake, too, the people of the North. They are a peaceable people but an earnest people, and they will fight, too. They are not going to let this country be destroyed without a mighty effort to save it … Besides, where are your men and appliances of war to contend against them? The North can make a steam engine, locomotive, or railway car; hardly a yard of cloth or pair of shoes can you make. You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, ingeniously mechanical, and determined people on Earth — right at your doors. You are bound to fail. Only in your spirit and determination are you prepared for war. In all else you are totally unprepared, with a bad cause to start with. At first you will make headway, but as your limited resources begin to fail, shut out from the markets of Europe as you will be, your cause will begin to wane. If your people will but stop and think, they must see in the end that you will surely fail. Comments to Prof. David F. Boyd at the Louisiana State Seminary (24 December 1860), as quoted in The Civil War : A Book of Quotations (2004) by Robert Blaisdell. Also quoted in The Civil War: A Narrative (1986) by Shelby Foote, p. 58.

Reklama

„But these comparisons are idle. I want peace, and believe it can only be reached through union and war, and I will ever conduct war with a view to perfect an early success.“

— William T. Sherman
Context: You have heretofore read public sentiment in your newspapers, that live by falsehood and excitement; and the quicker you seek for truth in other quarters, the better. I repeat then that, by the original compact of government, the United States had certain rights in Georgia, which have never been relinquished and never will be; that the South began the war by seizing forts, arsenals, mints, custom-houses, etc., etc., long before Mr. Lincoln was installed, and before the South had one jot or tittle of provocation. I myself have seen in Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Mississippi, hundreds and thousands of women and children fleeing from your armies and desperadoes, hungry and with bleeding feet. In Memphis, Vicksburg, and Mississippi, we fed thousands and thousands of the families of rebel soldiers left on our hands, and whom we could not see starve. Now that war comes to you, you feel very different. You deprecate its horrors, but did not feel them when you sent car-loads of soldiers and ammunition, and moulded shells and shot, to carry war into Kentucky and Tennessee, to desolate the homes of hundreds and thousands of good people who only asked to live in peace at their old homes, and under the Government of their inheritance. But these comparisons are idle. I want peace, and believe it can only be reached through union and war, and I will ever conduct war with a view to perfect an early success.

„You have heretofore read public sentiment in your newspapers, that live by falsehood and excitement; and the quicker you seek for truth in other quarters, the better.“

— William T. Sherman
Context: You have heretofore read public sentiment in your newspapers, that live by falsehood and excitement; and the quicker you seek for truth in other quarters, the better. I repeat then that, by the original compact of government, the United States had certain rights in Georgia, which have never been relinquished and never will be; that the South began the war by seizing forts, arsenals, mints, custom-houses, etc., etc., long before Mr. Lincoln was installed, and before the South had one jot or tittle of provocation. I myself have seen in Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Mississippi, hundreds and thousands of women and children fleeing from your armies and desperadoes, hungry and with bleeding feet. In Memphis, Vicksburg, and Mississippi, we fed thousands and thousands of the families of rebel soldiers left on our hands, and whom we could not see starve. Now that war comes to you, you feel very different. You deprecate its horrors, but did not feel them when you sent car-loads of soldiers and ammunition, and moulded shells and shot, to carry war into Kentucky and Tennessee, to desolate the homes of hundreds and thousands of good people who only asked to live in peace at their old homes, and under the Government of their inheritance. But these comparisons are idle. I want peace, and believe it can only be reached through union and war, and I will ever conduct war with a view to perfect an early success.

„I'll tell you where he beats me though and where he beats the world. He doesn't give a damn about what the enemy does out of his sight, but it scares me like hell.“

— William T. Sherman
Context: I am a damned sight smarter man than Grant. I know more about military history, strategy, and grand tactics than he does. I know more about supply, administration, and everything else than he does. I'll tell you where he beats me though and where he beats the world. He doesn't give a damn about what the enemy does out of his sight, but it scares me like hell. … I am more nervous than he is. I am more likely to change my orders or to countermarch my command than he is. He uses such information as he has according to his best judgment; he issues his orders and does his level best to carry them out without much reference to what is going on about him and, so far, experience seems to have fully justified him. Comments to James H. Wilson (22 October 1864), as quoted in Under the Old Flag: Recollections of Military Operations in the War for the Union, the Spanish War, the Boxer Rebellion, etc Vol. 2 (1912) by James Harrison Wilson, p. 17.

„I am a damned sight smarter man than Grant.“

— William T. Sherman
Context: I am a damned sight smarter man than Grant. I know more about military history, strategy, and grand tactics than he does. I know more about supply, administration, and everything else than he does. I'll tell you where he beats me though and where he beats the world. He doesn't give a damn about what the enemy does out of his sight, but it scares me like hell. … I am more nervous than he is. I am more likely to change my orders or to countermarch my command than he is. He uses such information as he has according to his best judgment; he issues his orders and does his level best to carry them out without much reference to what is going on about him and, so far, experience seems to have fully justified him. Comments to James H. Wilson (22 October 1864), as quoted in Under the Old Flag: Recollections of Military Operations in the War for the Union, the Spanish War, the Boxer Rebellion, etc Vol. 2 (1912) by James Harrison Wilson, p. 17.

Natępna
Dzisiejsze rocznice
Maurice Wilkins Fotografia
Maurice Wilkins
biochemik brytyjski, noblista 1916 - 2004
Mirosław Baka Fotografia
Mirosław Baka10
polski aktor 1963
Glenn Miller Fotografia
Glenn Miller2
amerykański muzyk jazzowy, puzonista, lider big bandu 1904 - 1944
Licio Gelli Fotografia
Licio Gelli
1919 - 2015
Następnych dzisiejszych rocznic
Podobni autorzy
Douglas MacArthur Fotografia
Douglas MacArthur8
amerykański generał
Robert E. Lee Fotografia
Robert E. Lee2
generał amerykański, dowódca wojsk Konfederacji
Curtis LeMay Fotografia
Curtis LeMay3
polityk i wojskowy amerykański