Salvador Allende cytaty

Salvador Allende Fotografia
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Salvador Allende

Data urodzenia: 26. Czerwiec 1908
Data zgonu: 11. Wrzesień 1973

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Salvador Allende Gossens – chilijski polityk, w latach 1970–1973 prezydent Chile z ramienia lewicowej koalicji „Front Jedności Ludowej” , który został obalony przez wojskowy zamach stanu 11 września 1973, w trakcie którego prawdopodobnie popełnił samobójstwo.

Zaangażowanie polityczne Allende trwało prawie czterdzieści lat. Jako członek centrolewicowej Partii Socjalistycznej, pełnił funkcję senatora, posła i ministra. Bez powodzenia kandydował w wyborach prezydenckich w 1952, 1958 i 1964. W 1970 roku wygrał wybory prezydenckie i zawiązał koalicję partii centrowych , centrolewicowych i lewicowych .

Jako prezydent, Allende przyjął lewicowy program gospodarczy obejmujący m.in. nacjonalizację. 11 września 1973 roku doszło do zamachu stanu zorganizowanego przez wojsko przy wsparciu CIA, w rezultacie którego Allende został obalony, a w Chile powstała junta wojskowa. Gdy żołnierze otoczyli pałac La Moneda, Allende wygłosił swoje ostatnie przemówienie, w którym zapowiedział, że nie ugnie się przed puczystami. Zginął w trakcie walk o pałac prezydencki.

Po ustanowieniu reżimu wojskowego, generał Pinochet odmówił zwrócenia uprawnień dla rządu cywilnego, a w kraju powstała junta sprawująca władzę w okresie 1973-1990.

Cytaty Salvador Allende

„Rewolucja kubańska miała zapach cukru i rumu. Rewolucja chilijska będzie miała smak placka z mięsem i czerwonego wina.“

— Salvador Allende
Źródło: Kazimierz Kozub, Politycy z pierwszych stron gazet, wyd. Iskry, Warszawa 1976, s. 12.

„Niech żyje Chile! Niech żyje lud! Niech żyją ludzie pracy!
To są moje ostatnie słowa i jestem pewien, że moja ofiara nie będzie próżna. Niech będzie lekcją moralności karzącą zbrodnie, tchórzostwo i zdradę.“

— Salvador Allende
11 września 1973 r. w ostatnim, radiowym orędziu do narodu wygłoszonym tuż przed zbombardowaniem pałacu prezydenckiego przez zamachowców pod dowództwem gen. Pinocheta.

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„Lepszy kawałek chleba na stojąco niż kurczak na kolanach.“

— Salvador Allende
Źródło: Artur Domosławski, Gorączka latynoamerykańska, wyd. Świat Książki, Warszawa 2010, s. 138.

„Workers of my country, I have faith in Chile and its destiny.“

— Salvador Allende
Context: The people must defend themselves, but they must not sacrifice themselves. The people must not let themselves be destroyed or riddled with bullets, but they cannot be humiliated either. Workers of my country, I have faith in Chile and its destiny. Other men will overcome this dark and bitter moment when treason seeks to prevail. Keep in mind that, much sooner than later, great avenues will again be opened, through which will pass the free man, to construct a better society. Long live Chile! Long live the people! Long live the workers! These are my last words, and I am certain that my sacrifice will not be in vain, I am certain that, at the very least, it will be a moral lesson that will punish felony, cowardice, and treason.

„I will always be next to you. At least my memory will be that of a man of dignity who was loyal to his country.“

— Salvador Allende
Context: I address the youth, those who sang and gave us their joy and their spirit of struggle. I address the man of Chile, the worker, the farmer, the intellectual, those who will be persecuted, because in our country fascism has been already present for many hours — in terrorist attacks, blowing up the bridges, cutting the railroad tracks, destroying the oil and gas pipelines, in the face of the silence of those who had the obligation to act. They were committed. History will judge them. Surely, Radio Magallanes will be silenced, and the calm metal instrument of my voice will no longer reach you. It does not matter. You will continue hearing it. I will always be next to you. At least my memory will be that of a man of dignity who was loyal to his country.

„Surely, this will be the last opportunity for me to address you.“

— Salvador Allende
Context: Surely, this will be the last opportunity for me to address you. The Air Force has bombed the antennas of Radio Magallanes. My words do not have bitterness but disappointment. … the only thing left for me is to say to workers: I am not going to resign!

Reklama

„Placed in a historic transition, I will pay for loyalty to the people with my life.“

— Salvador Allende
Context: Placed in a historic transition, I will pay for loyalty to the people with my life. And I say to them that I am certain that the seeds which we have planted in the good conscience of thousands and thousands of Chileans will not be shriveled forever. They have force and will be able to dominate us, but social processes can be arrested by neither crime nor force. History is ours, and people make history.

„They have force and will be able to dominate us, but social processes can be arrested by neither crime nor force. History is ours, and people make history.“

— Salvador Allende
Context: Placed in a historic transition, I will pay for loyalty to the people with my life. And I say to them that I am certain that the seeds which we have planted in the good conscience of thousands and thousands of Chileans will not be shriveled forever. They have force and will be able to dominate us, but social processes can be arrested by neither crime nor force. History is ours, and people make history.

„Long live Chile! Long live the people! Long live the workers!“

— Salvador Allende
Context: The people must defend themselves, but they must not sacrifice themselves. The people must not let themselves be destroyed or riddled with bullets, but they cannot be humiliated either. Workers of my country, I have faith in Chile and its destiny. Other men will overcome this dark and bitter moment when treason seeks to prevail. Keep in mind that, much sooner than later, great avenues will again be opened, through which will pass the free man, to construct a better society. Long live Chile! Long live the people! Long live the workers! These are my last words, and I am certain that my sacrifice will not be in vain, I am certain that, at the very least, it will be a moral lesson that will punish felony, cowardice, and treason.

„The people must defend themselves, but they must not sacrifice themselves.“

— Salvador Allende
Context: The people must defend themselves, but they must not sacrifice themselves. The people must not let themselves be destroyed or riddled with bullets, but they cannot be humiliated either. Workers of my country, I have faith in Chile and its destiny. Other men will overcome this dark and bitter moment when treason seeks to prevail. Keep in mind that, much sooner than later, great avenues will again be opened, through which will pass the free man, to construct a better society. Long live Chile! Long live the people! Long live the workers! These are my last words, and I am certain that my sacrifice will not be in vain, I am certain that, at the very least, it will be a moral lesson that will punish felony, cowardice, and treason.

Reklama

„For you to be a Communist or a Socialist is to be totalitarian; for me no.… On the contrary, I think Socialism frees man.“

— Salvador Allende
Context: We start from different ideological positions. For you to be a Communist or a Socialist is to be totalitarian; for me no.… On the contrary, I think Socialism frees man. Quoted in "Allende Sees Chile Finding Her Own Way to Socialism" by Joseph Novitski, in The New York Times (4 October 1970)

„Cuba came from a dictatorship, and I arrived at the presidency after being senator for 25 years.“

— Salvador Allende
Context: I have been to Cuba many times. I have spoken many times with Fidel Castro and got to know Commander Ernesto Guevara well enough. I know Cuba's leaders and their struggle. It has been difficult to overcome the blockade. But the reality in Cuba is very different from that in Chile. Cuba came from a dictatorship, and I arrived at the presidency after being senator for 25 years. Interview with Saul Landau (1971)

„Now the question is, "Who is going to use whom?"“

— Salvador Allende
Context: Now the question is, "Who is going to use whom?" Even accepting the form of the question, the answer is the proletariat. If it wasn't so I wouldn't be here. I am working for Socialism and through Socialism. As quoted in Conversations With Allende (1970) by Regis Debray

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