José de San Martín cytaty

José de San Martín Fotografia
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José de San Martín

Data urodzenia: 25. Luty 1776
Data zgonu: 17. Sierpień 1850

Reklama

José Francisco de San Martín y Matorras – generał argentyński i przywódca powstania południowych narodów Ameryki Południowej przeciw hiszpańskiemu panowaniu. Bohater narodowy Argentyny, Chile i Peru.

Urodził się w urzędniczej rodzinie w hiszpańskim Wicekrólestwie La Platy. Edukację pobierał w Hiszpanii. Tam też rozpoczął karierę wojskową. Walczył z Portugalczykami w Afryce i Francuzami w Hiszpanii .

W 1812 rozpoczął walkę o niepodległość Argentyny . Dowodził wojskami, które dokonały inwazji na Boliwię; w 1817 odniósł zwycięstwo w bitwie pod Chacabuco.

W marcu 1818 jego oddziały wkroczyły do Santiago, w kwietniu wygrał bitwę pod Maipu. W lipcu 1821 zajął Limę, stolicę Peru.

Po spotkaniu z Simonem Bolivarem 26 lipca 1822 zrezygnował z dowództwa na rzecz Bolivara oraz wycofał się z życia publicznego. W 1824 opuścił Amerykę Południową i udał się na emigrację do Francji.

W 1880 jego szczątki zostały przewiezione do Buenos Aires.

Cytaty José de San Martín

„Przybyliście nie podbijać narody, lecz je wyzwalać.“

— José de San Martín
w rozkazie wydanym po przybyciu Armii Andów do Peru, wrzesień 1820.

Reklama

„The remarkable protection granted to the Army of the Andes by its Patron and General, Our Lady of Cuyo, cannot fail to be observed.“

— José de San Martín
Context: The remarkable protection granted to the Army of the Andes by its Patron and General, Our Lady of Cuyo, cannot fail to be observed. I am obliged as a Christian to acknowledge the favour and to present to Our Lady, who is venerated in your Reverence's church, my staff of command which I hereby send: for it belongs to her and may it be a testimony of her protection to our Army. Letter to the superior of the Franciscans at Cuyo (12 August 1818), as quoted in [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/16031c.htm "Virgin of Cuyo" in The Catholic Encyclopedia (1914)]

„Your coarse impudence in making me a proposition to employ my sword in a civil war is simply incomprehensible.“

— José de San Martín
Context: Your coarse impudence in making me a proposition to employ my sword in a civil war is simply incomprehensible. You insolent scoundrel! Do you realize it has never been dipped in American blood? Response of a request by José de la Riva Agüero for support in a revolution against the Peruvian congress in 1823, as quoted in '‪Captain of the Andes : The Life of José de San Martín, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru (1943) b‬y Margaret Hayne Harrison, p. 201

„I shall always be ready to make the ultimate sacrifice for the liberty of the country, but as in the character of a simple private citizen and in no other.“

— José de San Martín
Context: I have witnessed the declaration of independence of the States of Chile and Peru. I hold in my hand the standard carried by Pizarro when he enslaved the Empire of the Incas, and I am no longer a public man. Ten years of revolution and war have been repaid to me with usury. My promises to the people for whom I have waged war have been fulfilled — to accomplish their independence and leave the choice of their rulers to their own will. The presence of an unfortunate soldier, however disinterested he may be, is not desirable in newly constituted states. On the other hand, I am tired of having it said that I wish to make myself King. In short, I shall always be ready to make the ultimate sacrifice for the liberty of the country, but as in the character of a simple private citizen and in no other. As for my conduct in public office, my compatriots, as is usually the case, will divide their opinions; their children will render true judgment. Peruvians, I leave you with your national representation established. If you place your entire confidence in it, count on succes; if not, anarchy will destroy you. May Heaven preside over your destinies and may you reach the summit of happiness and peace. Farewell address to the Peruvian people (20 September 1822), as quoted in '‪Captain of the Andes : The Life of José de San Martín, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru (1943) b‬y Margaret Hayne Harrison, p. 159

„My promises to the people for whom I have waged war have been fulfilled — to accomplish their independence and leave the choice of their rulers to their own will.“

— José de San Martín
Context: I have witnessed the declaration of independence of the States of Chile and Peru. I hold in my hand the standard carried by Pizarro when he enslaved the Empire of the Incas, and I am no longer a public man. Ten years of revolution and war have been repaid to me with usury. My promises to the people for whom I have waged war have been fulfilled — to accomplish their independence and leave the choice of their rulers to their own will. The presence of an unfortunate soldier, however disinterested he may be, is not desirable in newly constituted states. On the other hand, I am tired of having it said that I wish to make myself King. In short, I shall always be ready to make the ultimate sacrifice for the liberty of the country, but as in the character of a simple private citizen and in no other. As for my conduct in public office, my compatriots, as is usually the case, will divide their opinions; their children will render true judgment. Peruvians, I leave you with your national representation established. If you place your entire confidence in it, count on succes; if not, anarchy will destroy you. May Heaven preside over your destinies and may you reach the summit of happiness and peace. Farewell address to the Peruvian people (20 September 1822), as quoted in '‪Captain of the Andes : The Life of José de San Martín, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru (1943) b‬y Margaret Hayne Harrison, p. 159

„One should be under no illusions as to the future of the Old World. The real contest in the present day is purely social.“

— José de San Martín
Context: One should be under no illusions as to the future of the Old World. The real contest in the present day is purely social. In a word the struggle lies between him who has nothing and him who has. Figure out the consequences of such a principle, infiltrated in the masses by the harangues of the clubs and the reading of millions of pamphlets. Letter to a General Pinto<!-- (perhaps ?) late 1840s-->, as quoted in ‪Captain of the Andes : The Life of José de San Martín, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru (1943) b‬y Margaret Hayne Harrison, p. 196

„I have fulfilled the sacred promises which I made Peru; I have witnessed the assembly of its representatives; the enemy's force threatens the independence of no place that wishes to be free, and that possesses the means of being so.“

— José de San Martín
Context: I have fulfilled the sacred promises which I made Peru; I have witnessed the assembly of its representatives; the enemy's force threatens the independence of no place that wishes to be free, and that possesses the means of being so. A numerous army, under the direction of warlike chiefs, is ready to march in a few days to put an end to the war. Nothing is left for me to do, but to offer you my sincerest thanks, and to promise, that if the liberties of the Peruvians shall ever be attacked, I shall claim the honor of accompanying them to defend their freedom like a citizen. Resignation address to the Peruvian Congress, (22 September 1820), as quoted in '‪Captain of the Andes : The Life of José de San Martín, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru (1943) b‬y Margaret Hayne Harrison, p. 159

Reklama

„I have witnessed the declaration of independence of the States of Chile and Peru.“

— José de San Martín
Context: I have witnessed the declaration of independence of the States of Chile and Peru. I hold in my hand the standard carried by Pizarro when he enslaved the Empire of the Incas, and I am no longer a public man. Ten years of revolution and war have been repaid to me with usury. My promises to the people for whom I have waged war have been fulfilled — to accomplish their independence and leave the choice of their rulers to their own will. The presence of an unfortunate soldier, however disinterested he may be, is not desirable in newly constituted states. On the other hand, I am tired of having it said that I wish to make myself King. In short, I shall always be ready to make the ultimate sacrifice for the liberty of the country, but as in the character of a simple private citizen and in no other. As for my conduct in public office, my compatriots, as is usually the case, will divide their opinions; their children will render true judgment. Peruvians, I leave you with your national representation established. If you place your entire confidence in it, count on succes; if not, anarchy will destroy you. May Heaven preside over your destinies and may you reach the summit of happiness and peace. Farewell address to the Peruvian people (20 September 1822), as quoted in '‪Captain of the Andes : The Life of José de San Martín, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru (1943) b‬y Margaret Hayne Harrison, p. 159

„Mercedes … this is the exhaustion of death. Mariano — back to my room.“

— José de San Martín
Last words, during a fatal heart attack (17 August 1850), as reported in ‪Captain of the Andes : The Life of José de San Martín, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru (1943) b‬y Margaret Hayne Harrison, p. 196

„I only want Lions in my regiment.“

— José de San Martín
As quoted in San Martín, The Liberator (1971) by J. C. J. Metford, p. 33

Reklama

„You will be what you must be, or else you will be nothing.“

— José de San Martín
Quoted in La vida blanca (1960) by Eduardo Mallea, p. 154 Variant translation: You will be what you should be or else will not be.

„The soldiers of our land know no luxury, but glory.“

— José de San Martín
Documentos del archivo de San Martín (1911) by Museo Mitre, Vol. 11, p. 385

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