Ernest Rutherford cytaty

Ernest Rutherford Fotografia
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Ernest Rutherford

Data urodzenia: 30. Sierpień 1871
Data zgonu: 19. Październik 1937

Reklama

Ernest Rutherford, 1. Baron Rutherford of Nelson – brytyjski fizyk urodzony w Nowej Zelandii, który jako pierwszy potwierdził istnienie jądra atomowego. W roku 1908 otrzymał Nagrodę Nobla w dziedzinie chemii.

Cytaty Ernest Rutherford

„Jesteśmy biedni. Musimy myśleć.“

— Ernest Rutherford
Źródło: Przemysław Słowiński, Sławni ludzie w anegdocie

Reklama

„To było prawie tak niewiarygodne, jak gdybyś wystrzeliła 15-calowy pocisk artyleryjski w kierunku papierowej serwetki, a on odbiłby się od niej, trafiając w ciebie.“

— Ernest Rutherford
o swoim eksperymencie, w którym, po zbombardowaniu złotej folii cząstkami alfa, Rutherford zauważył, że część dodatnio naładowanych cząstek odbiła się od warstwy złota.

„Scientists are not dependent on the ideas of a single man, but on the combined wisdom of thousands“

— Ernest Rutherford
Context: It is not in the nature of things for any one man to make a sudden violent discovery; science goes step by step, and every man depends on the work of his predecessors. When you hear of a sudden unexpected discovery—a bolt from the blue, as it were—you can always be sure that it has grown up by the influence of one man on another, and it is this mutual influence which makes the enormous possibility of scientific advance. Scientists are not dependent on the ideas of a single man, but on the combined wisdom of thousands of men, all thinking of the same problem, and each doing his little bit to add to the great structure of knowledge which is gradually being erected. As quoted in The Birth of a New Physics (1959) by I. Bernard Cohen

„I was brought up to look at the atom as a nice hard fellow, red or grey in colour, according to taste.“

— Ernest Rutherford
Context: The first point that arises is the atom. I was brought up to look at the atom as a nice hard fellow, red or grey in colour, according to taste. In order to explain the facts, however, the atom cannot be regarded as a sphere of material, but rather as a sort of wave motion of a peculiar kind. The theory of wave-mechanics, however bizarre it may appear... has the astonishing virtue that it works, and works in detail, so that it is now possible to understand and explain things which looked almost impossible in earlier days. One of the problems encountered is the relation between the electron, an atom and the radiation produced by them jointly; the new mechanics states the type of radiation emitted with correct numerical relations. When applied to the periodic table, a competent and laborious mathematician can predict the periodic law from first principles. A. S. Eve, Rutherford (2013)

Reklama

„It was almost as incredible as if you fired a 15-inch shell at a piece of tissue paper and it came back and hit you.“

— Ernest Rutherford
Context: It was quite the most incredible event that has ever happened to me in my life. It was almost as incredible as if you fired a 15-inch shell at a piece of tissue paper and it came back and hit you. Discussing the result of an experiment where about 1 out of 8000 alpha particles were scattered backwards when fired at a thin sheet of metal foil, which led to the discovery of the atomic nucleus, as quoted in Rutherford and the Nature of the Atom (1964) by E. N. da C. Andrade, p. 111, and in [http://books.google.com/books?id=jEy67gEvIuMC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA57#v=onepage&q&f=false Nobel Laureates in chemistry, 1901-1992] by Laylin K. James, p. 57

„When we have found how the nucleus of atoms is built up we shall have found the greatest secret of all — except life.“

— Ernest Rutherford
Context: When we have found how the nucleus of atoms is built up we shall have found the greatest secret of all — except life. We shall have found the basis of everything — of the earth we walk on, of the air we breathe, of the sunshine, of our physical body itself, of everything in the world, however great or however small — except life. As quoted in The Wit and Wisdom of the 20th Century : A Dictionary of Quotations‎ (1987) by Frank S. Pepper, p. 226

„I know what the atom looks like!“

— Ernest Rutherford
David Wilson, Rutherford, Simple Genius (1983)

„We're like children who always want to take apart watches to see how they work.“

— Ernest Rutherford
As quoted by Freeman Dyson, "Seeing the Unseen," New York Review of Books (Feb. 24, 2005), quoting Rutherford in the London Daily Herald

Reklama

„I must confess it was very unexpected and I am very startled at my metamorphosis into a chemist.“

— Ernest Rutherford
On his 1908 Nobel Prize in chemistry, as quoted in [http://books.google.com/books?id=UQ3_ZwdrUUwC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA69#v=onepage&q&f=false Nobel Laureates and Twentieth-Century Physics] (2004) by Mauro Dardo, p. 69

„Don't let me catch anyone talking about the Universe in my department.“

— Ernest Rutherford
As quoted by John Kendrew in "J.D. Bernal and the Origin of Life," BBC Radio Talk (26 July 1968), and in [http://books.google.com/books?id=vqTNfnKJVPAC&lpg=PA663&dq=rutherford%20%22shell%20at%20a%20piece%20of%20tissue%22&pg=PA662#v=onepage&q=rutherford%20%22shell%20at%20a%20piece%20of%20tissue%22&f=false Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists, Third Edition] by John Daintith, p. 662

„An alleged scientific discovery has no merit unless it can be explained to a barmaid.“

— Ernest Rutherford
As quoted in Einstein: The Man and His Achievement (1973) by G. J. Whitrow, p. 42 Variants: If you can't explain your physics to a barmaid it is probably not very good physics. As quoted in Journal of Advertising Research (March-April 1998) A theory that you can't explain to a bartender is probably no damn good. As quoted in The Language of God (2006) by Francis Collins, p. 60

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