Alfred Binet cytaty

Alfred Binet Fotografia
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Alfred Binet

Data urodzenia: 8. Lipiec 1857
Data zgonu: 18. Październik 1911

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Alfred Binet – psycholog francuski, twórca pierwszego zestawu testów do pomiaru inteligencji. Profesor Sorbony.

Przedstawiciel psychologii eksperymentalnej. W 1894 został profesorem na Sorbonie i jednocześnie kierownikiem laboratorium psychologii fizjologicznej. Od 1895 był redaktorem czasopisma "L'Année Psychologique".

Prowadził badania nad zagadnieniami pamięci, koncentracji, postrzegania oraz myślenia. W 1905 opublikował metryczną skalę inteligencji pozwalającą określić wiek umysłowy oraz iloraz inteligencji. Skala ta po niewielkich zmianach stosowana jest do dzisiaj.

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Cytaty Alfred Binet

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„p> When we attempt to understand the inmost nature of the outer world, we stand before it as before absolute darkness. There probably exists in nature, outside of ourselves, neither colour, odour, force, resistance, space, nor anything that we know as sensation. Light is produced by the excitement of the optic nerve, and it shines only in our brain; as to the excitement itself, there is nothing to prove that it is luminous; outside of us is profound darkness, or even worse, since darkness is the correlation of light. In the same way, all the sonorous excitements which assail us, the creakings of machines, the sounds of nature, the words and cries of our fellows are produced by excitements of our acoustic nerve; it is in our brain that noise is produced, outside there reigns a dead silence. The same may be said of all our other senses. ... In short, our nervous system, which enables us to communicate with objects, prevents us, on the other hand, from knowing their nature. It is an organ of relation with the outer world; it is also, for us, a cause of isolation. We never go outside ourselves. We are walled in. And all we can say of matter and of the outer world is, that it is revealed to us solely by the sensations it affords us, that it is the unknown cause of our sensations, the inaccessible excitant of our organs of the senses, and that the ideas we are able to form as to the nature and the properties of that excitant, are necessarily derived from our sensations, and are subjective to the same degree as those sensations themselves.</p“

— Alfred Binet
p. 25

„Comprehension, inventiveness, direction, and criticism: intelligence is contained in these four words.“

— Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet (1909, 118) as cited in: Seymour Bernard Sarason, ‎John Doris (1979), Educational handicap, public policy, and social history. p. 32

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„It seems to me that people of talent and of genius serve better than average examples for making us understand the laws of character, because they present more extreme traits.“

— Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet (1903). "La creation litteraire. Portrait psychologique de M. Paul Hervieu", L’Anne´e psychologique (10), p. 3; As cited in: Carson (1999, 361-2)

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