Alfred Binet cytaty

Alfred Binet Fotografia
0   0

Alfred Binet

Data urodzenia: 8. Lipiec 1857
Data zgonu: 18. Październik 1911

Reklama

Alfred Binet – psycholog francuski, twórca pierwszego zestawu testów do pomiaru inteligencji. Profesor Sorbony.

Przedstawiciel psychologii eksperymentalnej. W 1894 został profesorem na Sorbonie i jednocześnie kierownikiem laboratorium psychologii fizjologicznej. Od 1895 był redaktorem czasopisma "L'Année Psychologique".

Prowadził badania nad zagadnieniami pamięci, koncentracji, postrzegania oraz myślenia. W 1905 opublikował metryczną skalę inteligencji pozwalającą określić wiek umysłowy oraz iloraz inteligencji. Skala ta po niewielkich zmianach stosowana jest do dzisiaj.

Podobni autorzy

Georges Clemenceau Fotografia
Georges Clemenceau17
francuski pisarz, lekarz i polityk
Paul Valéry Fotografia
Paul Valéry16
poeta francuski
Jacques-Yves Cousteau Fotografia
Jacques-Yves Cousteau3
francuski badacz mórz i podróżnik
Armand Jean Richelieu Fotografia
Armand Jean Richelieu13
francuski książę, kardynał
Jean-Jacques Rousseau Fotografia
Jean-Jacques Rousseau40
szwajcarski filozof, pisarz i pedagog
François de La Rochefoucauld Fotografia
François de La Rochefoucauld134
pisarz i filozof francuski
Napoleon Bonaparte Fotografia
Napoleon Bonaparte142
cesarz Francuzów
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry Fotografia
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry118
francuski pisarz i poeta, lotnik

Cytaty Alfred Binet

Reklama

„Comprehension, inventiveness, direction, and criticism: intelligence is contained in these four words.“

—  Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet (1909, 118) as cited in: Seymour Bernard Sarason, ‎John Doris (1979), Educational handicap, public policy, and social history. p. 32

„It seems to me that people of talent and of genius serve better than average examples for making us understand the laws of character, because they present more extreme traits.“

—  Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet (1903). "La creation litteraire. Portrait psychologique de M. Paul Hervieu", L’Anne´e psychologique (10), p. 3; As cited in: Carson (1999, 361-2)

„By following up this idea, also, we might go a little further. We might arrive at the conviction that our present science is human, petty, and contingent; that it is closely linked with the structure of our sensory organs; that this structure results from the evolution which fashioned these organs; that this evolution has been an accident of history; that in the future it may be different; and that, consequently, by the side or in the stead of our modern science, the work of our eyes and hands—and also of our words—there might have been constituted, there may still be constituted, sciences entirely and extraordinarily new—auditory, olfactory, and gustatory sciences, and even others derived from other kinds of sensations which we can neither foresee nor conceive because they are not, for the moment, differentiated in us. Outside the matter we know, a very special matter fashioned of vision and touch, there may exist other matter with totally different properties. ... We must, by setting aside the mechanical theory, free ourselves from a too narrow conception of the constitution of matter. And this liberation will be to us a great advantage which we shall soon reap. We shall avoid the error of believing that mechanics is the only real thing and that all that cannot be explained by mechanics must be incomprehensible. We shall then gain more liberty of mind for understanding what the union of the soul with the body may be.“

—  Alfred Binet
p. 43

Reklama
Reklama

„p> When we attempt to understand the inmost nature of the outer world, we stand before it as before absolute darkness. There probably exists in nature, outside of ourselves, neither colour, odour, force, resistance, space, nor anything that we know as sensation. Light is produced by the excitement of the optic nerve, and it shines only in our brain; as to the excitement itself, there is nothing to prove that it is luminous; outside of us is profound darkness, or even worse, since darkness is the correlation of light. In the same way, all the sonorous excitements which assail us, the creakings of machines, the sounds of nature, the words and cries of our fellows are produced by excitements of our acoustic nerve; it is in our brain that noise is produced, outside there reigns a dead silence. The same may be said of all our other senses. ... In short, our nervous system, which enables us to communicate with objects, prevents us, on the other hand, from knowing their nature. It is an organ of relation with the outer world; it is also, for us, a cause of isolation. We never go outside ourselves. We are walled in. And all we can say of matter and of the outer world is, that it is revealed to us solely by the sensations it affords us, that it is the unknown cause of our sensations, the inaccessible excitant of our organs of the senses, and that the ideas we are able to form as to the nature and the properties of that excitant, are necessarily derived from our sensations, and are subjective to the same degree as those sensations themselves.</p“

—  Alfred Binet
p. 25

„It is necessary to protect oneself from over exaggeration; one must not suppose that there exists, even in the realm of partial memory, an absolutely pure auditory type; real life does not make such schemas... In reality, when one says that a person belongs to the auditory type... one wants to say simply that with regard to that person the auditory memory is preponderant.“

—  Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet (1894). Psychologies des grands calculateurs et joueurs d’echecs. Paris: Hachette. p. 71; As cited in: John Carson, "Minding matter/mattering mind: Knowledge and the subject in nineteenth-century psychology." in: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C. 30.3 (1999): p. 363

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Translate quotes
Natępna
Dzisiejsze rocznice
Józef Hoene-Wroński Fotografia
Józef Hoene-Wroński1
polski matematyk, fizyk, filozof, ekonomista i prawnik 1776 - 1853
Abu Bakr Fotografia
Abu Bakr
kalif 573 - 634
Następnych dzisiejszych rocznic
Podobni autorzy
Georges Clemenceau Fotografia
Georges Clemenceau17
francuski pisarz, lekarz i polityk
Paul Valéry Fotografia
Paul Valéry16
poeta francuski
Jacques-Yves Cousteau Fotografia
Jacques-Yves Cousteau3
francuski badacz mórz i podróżnik