Thomas Henry Huxley cytaty

Thomas Henry Huxley Fotografia
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Thomas Henry Huxley

Data urodzenia: 4. Maj 1825
Data zgonu: 29. Czerwiec 1895
Natępne imiona:Thomas Huxley

Reklama

Thomas Henry Huxley – angielski zoolog, paleontolog, filozof i fizjolog, z wykształcenia lekarz, członek Royal Society, w latach 1883-1885 jego prezes, profesor Royal School of Mines i Royal College of Surgeons.

Był obrońcą i propagatorem darwinizmu, a także pionierem kierunku ewolucyjnego w naukach zoologicznych. Twierdził, że proces ewolucji dotyczy również człowieka . Adwersarz biskupa Oksfordu Samuela Wilberforce'a w słynnej debacie oksfordzkiej z 1860 roku pomiędzy ewolucjonistami a kreacjonistami. Przez złośliwych zwany buldogiem Darwina.

Badał pochodzenie płazów i ptaków oraz czaszki kręgowców. Ustalił genealogię konia i wykazał pochodzenie ptaków od gadów kopalnych i pochodzenie płazów od ryb. Badał również przemianę pokoleń u jamochłonów oraz podobieństwo ich budowy do listków zarodkowych. W poglądach filozoficznych reprezentował agnostycyzm.

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Cytaty Thomas Henry Huxley

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„Wiedza to nic innego jak unaukowiony i usystematyzowany zdrowy rozsądek.“

—  Thomas Henry Huxley
Źródło: Walery Pisarek, Wstęp do nauki o komunikowaniu, Wydawnictwa Akademickie i Profesjonalne, Warszawa 2008, s. 17.

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„The antagonism between science and religion, about which we hear so much, appears to me to be purely factitious“

—  Thomas Henry Huxley
Context: The antagonism between science and religion, about which we hear so much, appears to me to be purely factitious — fabricated, on the one hand, by short-sighted religious people who confound a certain branch of science, theology, with religion; and, on the other, by equally short-sighted scientific people who forget that science takes for its province only that which is susceptible of clear intellectual comprehension; and that, outside the boundaries of that province, they must be content with imagination, with hope, and with ignorance. "The interpreters of Genesis and the interpreters of Nature" (1885) http://aleph0.clarku.edu/huxley/CE4/GeNat.html

Reklama

„Size is not grandeur, and territory does not make a nation.“

—  Thomas Henry Huxley
Context: I cannot say that I am in the slightest degree impressed by your bigness, or your material resources, as such. Size is not grandeur, and territory does not make a nation. The great issue, about which hangs true sublimity, and the terror of overhanging fate, is what are you going to do with all these things? "Address on University Education" (1876) http://aleph0.clarku.edu/huxley/CE3/Ad-U-Ed.html, delivered at the formal opening of Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, September 12, 1876. Huxley, American Addresses (1877), p. 125. Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey used the same words in a commencement address at the Holton-Arms School, Bethesda, Maryland, June 1967; reported in The Washington Post (June 11, 1967), p. K3

„Sacred customs, venerable dooms of ancestral wisdom, hallowed by tradition and professing to hold good for all time, are put to the question. Cultured reflection“

—  Thomas Henry Huxley
Context: Even purely intellectual progress brings about its revenges. Problems settled in a rough and ready way by rude men, absorbed in action, demand renewed attention and show themselves to be still unread riddles when men have time to think. The beneficent demon, doubt, whose name is Legion and who dwells amongst the tombs of old faiths, enters into mankind and thenceforth refuses to be cast out. Sacred customs, venerable dooms of ancestral wisdom, hallowed by tradition and professing to hold good for all time, are put to the question. Cultured reflection asks for their credentials; judges them by its own standards; finally, gathers those of which it approves into ethical systems, in which the reasoning is rarely much more than a decent pretext for the adoption of foregone conclusions.<!--p. 56

„History shows that the human mind, fed by constant accessions of knowledge, periodically grows too large for its theoretical coverings, and bursts them asunder to appear in new habiliments“

—  Thomas Henry Huxley
Context: In a well worn metaphor, a parallel is drawn between the life of man and the metamorphosis of the caterpillar into the butterfly; but the comparison may be more just as well as more novel, if for its former term we take the mental progress of the race. History shows that the human mind, fed by constant accessions of knowledge, periodically grows too large for its theoretical coverings, and bursts them asunder to appear in new habiliments, as the feeding and growing grub, at intervals, casts its too narrow skin and assumes another, itself but temporary. Truly the imago state of Man seems to be terribly distant, but every moult is a step gained, and of such there have been many. Ch.2, p. 72

„The life, the fortune, and the happiness of every one of us, and, more or less, of those who are connected with us, do depend upon our knowing something of the rules of a game infinitely more difficult and complicated than chess.“

—  Thomas Henry Huxley
Context: The life, the fortune, and the happiness of every one of us, and, more or less, of those who are connected with us, do depend upon our knowing something of the rules of a game infinitely more difficult and complicated than chess. It is a game which has been played for untold ages, every man and woman of us being one of the two players in a game of his or her own. The chessboard is the world, the pieces are the phenomena of the universe, the rules of the game are what we call the laws of Nature. The player on the other side is hidden from us. We know that his play is always fair, just, and patient. But also we know, to our cost, that he never overlooks a mistake, or makes the smallest allowance for ignorance. To the man who plays well, the highest stakes are paid, with that sort of overflowing generosity with which the strong shows delight in strength. And one who plays ill is checkmated — without haste, but without remorse.

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