Data urodzenia: 86 p. n. e.
Data zgonu: 34 p. n. e.
Gaius Sallustius Crispus – rzymski historyk i polityk. Urodzony w Amiternum w kraju Sabinów , autor De coniuratione Catilinae , Bellum Iugurthinum , oraz Historiae . Dwa pierwsze dzieła dotrwały do naszych czasów w całości, ostatnie, najbardziej dojrzałe i najobszerniejsze, zachowało się fragmentarycznie.
Context: As the blessings of health and fortune have a beginning, so they must also find an end. Everything rises but to fall, and increases but to decay. As quoted in The Cyclopaedia of Practical Quotations: English and Latin (1894) edited by J. K. Hoyt and Anna L. Ward, p. 508
„And, indeed, if the intellectual ability of kings and magistrates were exerted to the same degree in peace as in war, human affairs would be more orderly and settled, and you would not see governments shifted from hand to hand, and things universally changed and confused. For dominion is easily secured by those qualities by which it was at first obtained. But when sloth has introduced itself in the place of industry, and covetousness and pride in that of moderation and equity, the fortune of a state is altered together with its morals; and thus authority is always transferred from the less to the more deserving.“
Chapter II, sections 3-6; translation by Rev. John Selby Watson
The earliest attributions of this yet found are to it being a saying of William Scott, 1st Baron Stowell, in History of the Anti-Corn Law League (1853), by Archibald Prentice, p. 54; around 1876 it began to began to be cited to W. Scott, and then around 1880 sometimes to Walter Scott, but without citations of source, including a variant: "Selfish ambition breaks the ties of blood, and forgets the obligations of gratitude" in a publication of 1907. It seems to only recently to have begun to be attributed to Sallust, on the internet.
„I myself, however, when a young man, was at first led by inclination, like most others, to engage in political affairs; but in that pursuit many circumstances were unfavorable to me; for, instead of modesty, temperance, and integrity, there prevailed shamelessness, corruption, and rapacity.“
Chapter I; Variant translation: For the glory of wealth and beauty is fleeting and perishable; that of the mind is illustrious and immortal.
Chapter XX, 4; quoting Catiline
Henri Bergson, as quoted in The Forbes Scrapbook of Thoughts on the Business of Life (1950), p. 442; this only seems to have become attributed to Sallust in the early 21st century.