Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4. hrabia Chesterfield cytaty

Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4. hrabia Chesterfield Fotografia
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Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4. hrabia Chesterfield

Data urodzenia: 22. Wrzesień 1694
Data zgonu: 24. Marzec 1773
Natępne imiona:Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4º Conde de Chesterfield,Philip Dormer Stanhope Chesterfield,Philip Stanhope Earl of Chesterfield,Philip Chesterfield,IV° Conte di Chesterfield,Philip Dormer Stanhope

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Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4. hrabia Chesterfield – brytyjski pisarz i polityk partii Wigów. Po śmierci jego ojca tytułowano go Lord Stanhope .

Philip Dormer Stanhope urodził się w Londynie. Kształcony był w Cambridge, po czym ruszył w Grand Tour do krajów kontynentu europejskiego. Gdy władzę w 1714 roku przejął Jerzy I Hanowerski droga do kariery stała dlań otworem więc wrócił do Anglii. Jego krewny James Stanhope, 1. hrabia Stanhope, ulubiony minister króla uczynił Philipa Dormera Lordem Królewskiego Łoża u następcy tronu Jerzego . W literaturze znany jako Earl of Chesterfield . Jego następcą jako earla Chesterfield był adoptowany przezeń młodszy kuzyn Philip Stanhope, 5. hrabia Chesterfield.

Cytaty Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4. hrabia Chesterfield

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„We must not suppose that, because a man is a rational animal, he will, therefore, always act rationally; or, because he has such or such a predominant passion, that he will act invariably and consequentially in pursuit of it.“

— Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield
Context: We must not suppose that, because a man is a rational animal, he will, therefore, always act rationally; or, because he has such or such a predominant passion, that he will act invariably and consequentially in pursuit of it. No, we are complicated machines; and though we have one main spring that gives motion to the whole, we have an infinity of little wheels, which, in their turns, retard, precipitate, and sometime stop that motion. 19 December 1749

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„You foolish man, you do not understand your own foolish business.“

— Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield
Attributed to Chesterfield in his 1833 edition of Horace Walpole's letters to Sir Horace Mann by George Agar-Ellis, 1st Baron Dover. The quotation has been attributed to many others, such as Lord Chief Justice Campbell, William Henry Maule (in the form "You silly old fool, you don't even know the alphabet of your own silly old business"), Sir William Harcourt, Lord Pembroke, Lord Westbury, and to an anonymous judge, and said to have been spoken in court to Garter King at Arms, Rouge Dragon Pursuivant, or some other high-ranking herald, who had confused a "bend" with a "bar" or had demanded fees to which he was not entitled. George Bernard Shaw quotes it in Pygmalion (1912) in the form, "The silly people dont [sic] know their own silly business." The quotation seems to appear first in Charles Jenner's The Placid Man: Or, The Memoirs of Sir Charles Beville (1770): "Sir Harry Clayton ... was perhaps far better qualified to have written a Peerage of England than Garter King at Arms, or Rouge Dragon, or any of those parti-coloured officers of the court of honor, who, as a great man complained on a late solemnity, are but too often so silly as not to know their own silly business." "Old Lord Pembroke" (Henry Herbert, 9th Earl of Pembroke) is said by Horace Walpole (in a letter of May 28, 1774 to the Rev. William Cole) to have directed the quip, "Thou silly fellow! Thou dost not know thy own silly business," at John Anstis, Garter King at Arms. Edmund Burke also quotes it ("'Silly man, that dost not know thy own silly trade!' was once well said: but the trade here is not silly.") in a "Speech in the Impeachment of Warren Hastings, Esq." on May 7, 1789. Chesterfield or Pembroke fit best in point of time.

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