Nathaniel Hawthorne cytaty

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Nathaniel Hawthorne

Data urodzenia: 4. Lipiec 1804
Data zgonu: 19. Maj 1864

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Nathaniel Hawthorne – pisarz romantyczny, uważany za jednego z największych i najbardziej wpływowych twórców literatury amerykańskiej XIX wieku.

Zanurzona w mroku i grozie, mocno religijna twórczość Hawthorne’a ogniskowała się wokół problematyki grzechu pierworodnego, tudzież losów bohaterów uwikłanych w rozpaczliwe konflikty winy i odkupienia. Niektórzy badacze mówią wręcz o „obsesji grzechu” u autora Szkarłatnej litery. Sam Hawthorne tłumaczył swoje pisarstwo, a zwłaszcza obecne w niej zainteresowanie dylematami moralnymi, potrzebą zadośćuczynienia miastu Salem i poniesienia odpowiedzialności za zło wyrządzone przez purytańską społeczność, która końcem XVII wieku - 1692, była sprawcą słynnego „procesu czarownic”.

Nathaniel Hawthorne wraz z Edgarem Allanem Poem do dziś stawiany jest w poczet znawców mrocznych stron ludzkiej psychiki we wczesnej literaturze amerykańskiej.

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Cytaty Nathaniel Hawthorne

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„Easy reading is damn hard writing.“

—  Nathaniel Hawthorne
Also attributed to Ernest Hemingway and others; the earliest definite occurrence of this yet found in research for Wikiquote is by Maya Angelou, who stated it in Conversations With Maya Angelou (1989) edited by Jeffrey M. Elliot:

„I do detest all offices — all, at least, that are held on a political tenure.“

—  Nathaniel Hawthorne
Context: I do detest all offices — all, at least, that are held on a political tenure. And I want nothing to do with politicians. Their hearts wither away, and die out of their bodies. Their consciences are turned to india-rubber, or to some substance as black as that, and which will stretch as much. 1840

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„Long, long may it be, ere he comes again! His hour is one of darkness, and adversity, and peril.“

—  Nathaniel Hawthorne
Context: Long, long may it be, ere he comes again! His hour is one of darkness, and adversity, and peril. But should domestic tyranny oppress us, or the invader's step pollute our soil, still may the Gray Champion come, for he is the type of New England's hereditary spirit; and his shadowy march, on the eve of danger, must ever be the pledge, that New England's sons will vindicate their ancestry. "The Gray Champion" (1835) from Twice Told Tales (1837, 1851)

„A high truth, indeed, fairly, finely, and skilfully wrought out, brightening at every step, and crowning the final development of a work of fiction, may add an artistic glory, but is never any truer, and seldom any more evident, at the last page than at the first.“

—  Nathaniel Hawthorne
Context: Many writers lay very great stress upon some definite moral purpose, at which they profess to aim their works. Not to be deficient in this particular, the author has provided himself with a moral, — the truth, namely, that the wrong-doing of one generation lives into the successive ones, and, divesting itself of every temporary advantage, becomes a pure and uncontrollable mischief; and he would feel it a singular gratification if this romance might effectually convince mankind — or, indeed, any one man — of the folly of tumbling down an avalanche of ill-gotten gold, or real estate, on the heads of an unfortunate posterity, thereby to maim and crush them, until the accumulated mass shall be scattered abroad in its original atoms. In good faith, however, he is not sufficiently imaginative to flatter himself with the slightest hope of this kind. When romances do really teach anything, or produce any effective operation, it is usually through a far more subtile process than the ostensible one. The author has considered it hardly worth his while, therefore, relentlessly to impale the story with its moral as with an iron rod, — or, rather, as by sticking a pin through a butterfly, — thus at once depriving it of life, and causing it to stiffen in an ungainly and unnatural attitude. A high truth, indeed, fairly, finely, and skilfully wrought out, brightening at every step, and crowning the final development of a work of fiction, may add an artistic glory, but is never any truer, and seldom any more evident, at the last page than at the first. Preface

„Happiness in this world, when it comes, comes incidentally. Make it the object of pursuit, and it leads us a wild-goose chase, and is never attained.“

—  Nathaniel Hawthorne
Context: Happiness in this world, when it comes, comes incidentally. Make it the object of pursuit, and it leads us a wild-goose chase, and is never attained. Follow some other object, and very possibly we may find that we have caught happiness without dreaming of it. 1851

„What, in the name of common-sense, had I to do with any better society than I had always lived in?“

—  Nathaniel Hawthorne
Context: What, in the name of common-sense, had I to do with any better society than I had always lived in? It had satisfied me well enough. My pleasant bachelor-parlor, sunny and shadowy, curtained and carpeted, with the bedchamber adjoining... my evening at the billiard club, the concert, the theatre, or at somebody's party, if I pleased - what could be better than all this? Was it better to hoe, to mow, to toil and moil amidst the accumulations of a barnyard; to be the chambermaid of two yoke of oxen and a dozen cows; to eat salt beef, and earn it with the sweat of my brow, and thereby take the tough morsel out of some wretch's mouth, into whose vocation I had thrust myself?

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