Gloria Steinem cytaty

Gloria Steinem Fotografia
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Gloria Steinem

Data urodzenia: 25. Marzec 1934
Natępne imiona:ਗਲੋਰੀਆ ਸਟੀਨਮ, قلوریا استاینم

Reklama

Gloria Marie Steinem – amerykańska feministka, dziennikarka, założycielka feministycznego magazynu Ms. Autorka artykułu „After Black Power, Women’s Liberation”. Pracowała dla CIA jako szpieg.

Steinem urodziła się w 1934 roku w stanie Ohio. Jej matka pochodziła z rodziny szkocko-niemieckiej, a ojciec był niemiecko-polskim Żydem. Gdy Steinem miała 10 lat, rodzice rozwiedli się. Po studiach wyjechała na dwa lata na stypendium do Indii, a później, w Stanach, pracowała w Niezależnym Ośrodku Badań, instytucji państwowej, która realizowała zlecenia m.in. CIA. Od początku lat 60. Steinem zaczęła zajmować się dziennikarstwem i na tym polu od razu odniosła sukces. Jeszcze przed książką Betty Friedan „Mistyka kobiecości” napisała cykl artykułów o tym, co przeszkadza kobietom godzić pracę zawodową z życiem domowym. Redaktorzy pism, z którymi współpracowała, nie od razu zaakceptowali jej proemancypacyjne, feministyczne nastawienie. Rozgłos przyniósł jej artykuł o pracy „króliczków” z klubów Playboya. Żeby napisać go kompetentnie, Steinem zatrudniła się w jednym z takich klubów. Było to w 1963 roku. Dwadzieścia lat później na podstawie jej historii powstał film.

Równolegle do swojej kariery dziennikarskiej Gloria Steinem angażowała się w powstający wówczas ruch feministyczny. Szybko stała się jedną z najbardziej rozpoznawalnych twarzy tego ruchu. Razem z Betty Friedan i Bellą Abcug poprowadziła w 1970 roku w Nowym Jorku ogromny, ogólnokrajowy marsz kobiet na rzecz równości.

Powstanie pisma „Ms.” połączyło obie pasje Steinem: dziennikarstwo i feminizm. Była jedną z założycielek najbardziej znanego pisma feministycznego w Stanach. Po raz pierwszy pismo to ukazało się w 1972 roku jako specjalne wydanie „New York Magazine”. Świetnie się sprzedało i w krótkim czasie zaprenumerowało je 26 tysięcy osób. Steinem pisała do „Ms.” do 1987 roku, do czasu, gdy pismo zmieniło wydawców. Ponownie związała się z pismem w 2001 roku, gdy wydawanie pisma przejęła współzałożona przez nią Fundacja Feministycznej Większości.

Gloria Steinem jest nadal aktywną uczestniczką ruchu feministycznego i komentatorką bieżących wydarzeń. Napisano już dwie jej biografie, powstał film o jej życiu.

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Cytaty Gloria Steinem

„Kobieta tak potrzebuje mężczyzny, jak ryba potrzebuje roweru.“

—  Gloria Steinem
Źródło: Historia powszechna http://www.historia-powszechna.yoyo.pl/cytaty/k.php?k=951

Reklama

„Women may be the one group that grows more radical with age.“

—  Gloria Steinem
Outrageous Acts and Everyday Rebellions http://books.google.com/books?id=KVHmzw43TgkC&q=%22Women+may+be+the+one+group+that+grows+more+radical+with+age%22&pg=PT377#v=onepage (1983), p. 377

Reklama

„I think we all have the power to name ourselves. I try to call people what it is they wish to be called.“

—  Gloria Steinem
Context: I think most social justice movements take the words that are used against them and make them good words. That’s partly how “black” came back into usage. Before we said “colored person,” or “Negro.” Then came “Black Power,” “Black Pride,” and “Black Is Beautiful” to make it a good word. "Witch" was another word I remember reclaiming in the 1970s. There was a group called Women’s International Terrorist Conspiracy from Hell (WITCH). They all went down to Wall Street and hexed it. And Wall Street fell five points the next day; it was quite amazing! “Queer” and “gay” are other examples. … I think we all have the power to name ourselves. I try to call people what it is they wish to be called. But we can take the sting out of epithets and bad words by using them. Actually, I had done that earlier with “slut” because when I went back to Toledo, Ohio, which is where I was in high school and junior high school, I was on a radio show with a bunch of women. A man called up and called me “a slut from East Toledo,” which is doubly insulting because East Toledo is the wrong side of town. I thought, when I’d lived here I would have been devastated by this. But by this time I thought, you know, that’s a pretty good thing to be. I’m putting it on my tombstone: "Here lies the slut from East Toledo."

„I can’t think of anything more crucial than real Republicans taking back the GOP.“

—  Gloria Steinem
Context: This war against women started a long time ago with old Democrats who took over the Republican Party, which was, before that, the very first to support the Equal Rights Amendment. Even when the National Women’s Political Caucus started, there was a whole Republican feminist entity. But beginning with the Civil Rights Act of 1964, right-wing Democrats like Jesse Helms began to leave the Democratic Party and gradually take over the GOP. So I always feel I have to apologize to my friends who are Republicans because they’ve basically lost their party. Ronald Reagan couldn’t get nominated today because he was supportive of immigrant rights. Barry Goldwater was pro-choice. George H. W. Bush supported Planned Parenthood. No previous Republicans except for George W. Bush would be acceptable to the people who now run the GOP. They are not Republicans. They are the American version of the Taliban. … They’ve taken over one of our two great parties. This causes people to wrongly think that the country is equally divided but if we look at the public opinion polls, it isn’t. So, I can’t think of anything more crucial than real Republicans taking back the GOP.

„We are talking about a society in which there will be no roles other than those chosen, or those earned. We are really talking about humanism.“

—  Gloria Steinem
Context: This is no simple reform. It really is a revolution. Sex and race, because they are easy, visible differences, have been the primary ways of organizing human beings into superior and inferior groups, and into the cheap labor on which this system still depends. We are talking about a society in which there will be no roles other than those chosen, or those earned. We are really talking about humanism. "Address to the Women of America" (10 July 1971)

„I always thought that "humanist" was a good word long before I understood that anyone thought it was a bad word.“

—  Gloria Steinem
Context: I always thought that "humanist" was a good word long before I understood that anyone thought it was a bad word. It seems to me that it means you believe in the great potential and the best of human beings, so I didn’t have to overcome anything to accept this award; it seemed an unmitigated honor. And since the ultra-right wing has tried so hard to make it a bad word— “humanist” has been demonized in much the same way that the word “feminist” has — it seemed especially important to identify as humanist and support humanist groups.

Reklama

„It doesn’t surprise me to learn that there is bias and sexism everywhere, just like there are problems of racism and homophobia stemming from the whole notion that we’re arranged in a hierarchy, that we’re ranked rather than linked.“

—  Gloria Steinem
Context: It doesn’t surprise me to learn that there is bias and sexism everywhere, just like there are problems of racism and homophobia stemming from the whole notion that we’re arranged in a hierarchy, that we’re ranked rather than linked. I think we’ve learned that we have to contend with these divisions everywhere.

„However sugarcoated and ambiguous, every form of authoritarianism must start with a belief in some group's greater right to power, whether that right is justified by sex, race, class, religion or all four.“

—  Gloria Steinem
Context: However sugarcoated and ambiguous, every form of authoritarianism must start with a belief in some group's greater right to power, whether that right is justified by sex, race, class, religion or all four. However far it may expand, the progression inevitably rests on unequal power and airtight roles within the family. "If Hitler Were Alive, Whose Side Would He Be On?" in M.S. magazine (October-November 1980); later in Outrageous Acts and Everyday Rebellions (1983)

„I like to say that the last five-to-ten thousand years has been an experiment that failed and it’s now time to declare the first meeting of the post-patriarchal, post-racist, post-nationalist age.“

—  Gloria Steinem
Context: I like to say that the last five-to-ten thousand years has been an experiment that failed and it’s now time to declare the first meeting of the post-patriarchal, post-racist, post-nationalist age. So let’s add “post-theological.” Why not?

„No previous Republicans except for George W. Bush would be acceptable to the people who now run the GOP. They are not Republicans. They are the American version of the Taliban.“

—  Gloria Steinem
Context: This war against women started a long time ago with old Democrats who took over the Republican Party, which was, before that, the very first to support the Equal Rights Amendment. Even when the National Women’s Political Caucus started, there was a whole Republican feminist entity. But beginning with the Civil Rights Act of 1964, right-wing Democrats like Jesse Helms began to leave the Democratic Party and gradually take over the GOP. So I always feel I have to apologize to my friends who are Republicans because they’ve basically lost their party. Ronald Reagan couldn’t get nominated today because he was supportive of immigrant rights. Barry Goldwater was pro-choice. George H. W. Bush supported Planned Parenthood. No previous Republicans except for George W. Bush would be acceptable to the people who now run the GOP. They are not Republicans. They are the American version of the Taliban. … They’ve taken over one of our two great parties. This causes people to wrongly think that the country is equally divided but if we look at the public opinion polls, it isn’t. So, I can’t think of anything more crucial than real Republicans taking back the GOP.

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