Eugene Debs cytaty

Eugene Debs Fotografia
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Eugene Debs

Data urodzenia: 5. Listopad 1855
Data zgonu: 20. Październik 1926

Reklama

Eugene Victor Debs – amerykański przywódca związkowy, socjalista, jeden z członków-założycieli Industrial Workers of the World , kandydat na prezydenta Stanów Zjednoczonych z ramienia Partii Socjaldemokratycznej w 1900, a następnie Socjalistycznej Partii Ameryki w 1904, 1908, 1912 i 1920.

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Cytaty Eugene Debs

„Wysoki Sądzie, przed laty uznałem moje pokrewieństwo ze wszystkimi żyjącymi istotami i zdecydowałem, że nie jestem ani trochę lepszy niż najnikczemniejsze z ziemskich stworzeń. Dopóki istnieje klasa niższa, dopóty do niej należę. Dopóki istnieje element przestępczy, jestem jego częścią. Dopóki choć jedna dusza tkwi w więzieniu – nie jestem wolny.“

—  Eugene Debs
mowa wygłoszona na procesie przed Sądem Najwyższym w 1919, kiedy Debs został uznany winnym naruszenia Ustawy o szpiegostwie, bowiem wśród jego słuchaczy byli młodzi ludzie w wieku poborowym, a więc jego przemówienie mogło „utrudniać rekrutację lub werbunek do armii”.

Reklama

„Mówią nam, że żyjemy w wolnej republice, że nasze instytucje są demokratyczne, że jesteśmy wolnym narodem, który rządzi się sam (…). To już zbyt wiele dla mnie, nawet jeśli to żart (…).
Na przestrzeni dziejów prowadzono wojny w celu podboju i grabieży (…). A to jest wojna w pigułce. Wojny zawsze wywołuje klasa panów; bitwy zawsze stacza klasa ciemiężonych.“

—  Eugene Debs
mowa wygłoszona na procesie przed Sądem Najwyższym w 1918, Debs został aresztowany za naruszenie Ustawy o szpiegostwie, bowiem wśród jego słuchaczy byli młodzi ludzie w wieku poborowym, a więc jego przemówienie mogło „utrudniać rekrutację lub werbunek do armii”.

Reklama

„Socialism is very properly recognized by the capitalist class as the one cloud upon the horizon which portends an end to the system in which they have waxed fat, insolent and despotic through the exploitation of their countless .“

—  Eugene V. Debs
Context: Of course, Socialism is violently denounced by the capitalist press and by all the brood of subsidized contributors to magazine literature, but this only confirms the view that the advance of Socialism is very properly recognized by the capitalist class as the one cloud upon the horizon which portends an end to the system in which they have waxed fat, insolent and despotic through the exploitation of their countless.

„There has never been a free people, a civilized nation, a real republic on this earth.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
Context: There has never been a free people, a civilized nation, a real republic on this earth. Human society has always consisted of masters and slaves, and the slaves have always been and are today, the foundation stones of the social fabric. Wage-labor is but a name; wage-slavery is the fact.

„You must use your heads as well as your hands, and get yourself out of your present condition; as it is now the capitalists use your heads and your hands.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
Context: I am not a Labor Leader; I do not want you to follow me or anyone else; if you are looking for a Moses to lead you out of this capitalist wilderness, you will stay right where you are. I would not lead you into the promised land if I could, because if I led you in, some one else would lead you out. You must use your heads as well as your hands, and get yourself out of your present condition; as it is now the capitalists use your heads and your hands. As quoted in "Life of Eugene V. Debs" by Stephen Marion Reynolds, in Debs : His Life, Writings and Speeches (1908) edited by Bruce Rogers and Stephen Marion Reynolds, p. 71

„If it had not been for the discontent of a few fellows who had not been satisfied with their conditions, you would still be living in caves. Intelligent discontent is the mainspring of civilization.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
Context: If it had not been for the discontent of a few fellows who had not been satisfied with their conditions, you would still be living in caves. Intelligent discontent is the mainspring of civilization. Progress is born of agitation. It is agitation or stagnation.

Reklama

„I would be ashamed to admit that I had risen from the ranks. When I rise it will be with the ranks, and not from the ranks.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
Context: I never had much faith in leaders. I am willing to be charged with almost anything, rather than to be charged with being a leader. I am suspicious of leaders, and especially of the intellectual variety. Give me the rank and file every day in the week. If you go to the city of Washington, and you examine the pages of the Congressional Directory, you will find that almost all of those corporation lawyers and cowardly politicians, members of Congress, and misrepresentatives of the masses — you will find that almost all of them claim, in glowing terms, that they have risen from the ranks to places of eminence and distinction. I am very glad I cannot make that claim for myself. I would be ashamed to admit that I had risen from the ranks. When I rise it will be with the ranks, and not from the ranks.

„Let the people everywhere take heart of hope, for the cross is bending, the midnight is passing, and joy cometh with the morning.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
Context: When the mariner, sailing over tropic seas, looks for relief from his weary watch, he turns his eyes toward the southern cross, burning luridly above the tempest-vexed ocean. As the midnight approaches, the southern cross begins to bend, the whirling worlds change their places, and with starry finger-points the Almighty marks the passage of time upon the dial of the universe, and though no bell may beat the glad tidings, the lookout knows that the midnight is passing and that relief and rest are close at hand. Let the people everywhere take heart of hope, for the cross is bending, the midnight is passing, and joy cometh with the morning.

„It is infinitely better to vote for freedom and fail than to vote for slavery and succeed.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
Context: I would address a few words to those who are in sympathy with the Social Democratic Party, but who hesitate to vote for it for fear they may lose their votes. Let me say to you: It is infinitely better to vote for freedom and fail than to vote for slavery and succeed.

„Chicago is the product of modern capitalism, and, like all other great commercial centers, is unfit for human habitation.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
Context: Chicago is the product of modern capitalism, and, like all other great commercial centers, is unfit for human habitation. The Illinois Central Railroad Company selected the site upon which the city is built and this consisted of a vast miasmatic swamp far better suited to mosquito culture than for human beings. From the day the site was chosen by (and of course in the interest of all) said railway company, everything that entered into the building of the town and the development of the city was determined purely from profit considerations and without the remotest concern for the health and comfort of the human beings who were to live there, especially those who had to do all the labor and produce all the wealth. As a rule hogs are only raised where they have good health and grow fat. Any old place will do to raise human beings.

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