Dean Acheson cytaty
Data urodzenia: 11. Kwiecień 1893
Data zgonu: 12. Październik 1971
Dean Gooderham Acheson – amerykański polityk i dyplomata.
Współtwórca Doktryny Trumana. Studiował prawo na uniwersytetach Yale i Harvarda, a w 1941 podjął pracę w Departamencie Stanu na stanowisku podsekretarza , a następnie sekretarza stanu w administracji Trumana .
Do jego osiągnięć należało wprowadzenie w 1947 w życie Planu Marshalla, silne wspieranie idei utworzenia NATO . Jego książka "Present at the Creation" została uhonorowana Nagrodą Pulitzera.
Miał znaczny wpływ na politykę zagraniczną USA w początkowym okresie zimnej wojny.
Jest autorem tzw. "Planu Achesona", który stanowił podstawę uchwalenia przez Zgromadzenie Ogólne ONZ Rezolucji "Uniting for Peace" w 1950. Rezolucja ta przekazywała w ręce Zgromadzenia Ogólnego kompetencje Rady Bezpieczeństwa w przedmiocie utrzymania pokoju, gdyby ta znalazła się z przyczyn politycznych w stanie paraliżu decyzyjnego. Dotychczas ONZ skorzystała z niej 12 razy.
Cytaty Dean Acheson
„No change (Marshall replacing former SecDef. Louis Johnson, who, soon after he resigned, was diagnosed with a fatal "brain malady") could have been more welcome to me. It brought only one embarrassment. The General (Marshall) insisted, overruling every protest of mine, in meticulously observing the protocol involved in my being the senior Cabinet officer. Never would he go through a door before me, or walk anywhere but on my left; he would go around an automobile to enter it after me and sit on the left; in meetings he would insist on my speaking before him. To be treated so by a revered and beloved former chief was a harrowing experience. But the result in government was, I think, unique in the history of the Republic. For the first time and perhaps, though I am not sure, the last, the Secretaries of State and Defense, with their top advisors, met with the Chiefs of Staff in their map room and discussed common problems together. At one of these meetings General Bradley and I made a treaty, thereafter scrupulously observed. The phrases 'from a military point of view' and 'from a political point of view' were excluded from our talks. No such dichotomy existed. Each of us had our tactical and strategic problems, but they were interconnected, not separate.“
„General Marshall was "impatient with a type of nonsense particularly prevalent in the State Department known as 'kicking the problem around.' All of us who have work with General Marshall have reported a recurring outburst of his: 'Don't fight the problem, gentlemen, solve it!' With him the time to be devoted to analysis of a problem, to balancing 'on the one hand' against 'on the other hand,' was definitely limited. The discussion he wanted was about plans of action"“
„Throughout the Near East lay rare tinder for anti-Western propaganda: a Moslem culture and history, bitter Arab nationalism galled by Jewish immigration under British protection and with massive American financial support, the remnants of a colonial status, and a sense of grievance that a vast natural resource was being extracted by foreigners under arrangements thought unfair to those living on the surface. This tinder could be, and was, lighted everywhere...“
„... the Assistant Secretary in Charge of Administration (was) a job which should be undertaken only by a saint or a fool... the House and Senate subcommittees in charge of appropriations, their chairmen, and the Comptroller General's office make this job a perfect hell. Like an ill-tempered chatelaine of a medieval manor, her keys hanging from her belt, Congress parsimoniously and suspiciously doles out supplies for the shortest time, each item meticulously weighed and measured, each request at first harshly denied. Almost simultaneously yesterday's accounting goes on amid screamed accusation and denunciation of every purpose of policy.“
„When Acheson was first joined State as Assistant Secretary for Economic Affairs, he writes the following in a section entitled "My Search for a Function"..."My official duties were summed up in the Department of State Bulletin by misleading platitudes... Both (Secretary) Hull and the President... knew me and, surely, had not asked me into the Department to perform the largely nonexistent duties defined in the Bulletin."“
„My memory... is of a department without direction, composed of a lot of busy people working hard and usefully but as a whole not functioning as a foreign office. It did not chart a course to be furthered by the success of our arms, or to aid or guide our arms. Rather it seems to have been adrift carried hither and yon by the currents of war or pushed about by collisions with more purposeful craft.“
„I am willing to join in your statement on the ground that I feel about the future of the United States whenever the President starts out on his travels the way the Marshal of the Supreme Court does when he opens a session of that Court. You will recall that he ends up his liturgy by saying "God save the United States for the Court is now sitting.“
— Dean Acheson
Grapes from Thorns (1972), page 67.