Arthur Wellesley, 1. książę Wellington cytaty

Arthur Wellesley, 1. książę Wellington Fotografia
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Arthur Wellesley, 1. książę Wellington

Data urodzenia: 1. Maj 1769
Data zgonu: 14. Wrzesień 1852
Natępne imiona:Arthur Wellesley, I duca di Wellington, Duca di Wellington

Reklama

Arthur Wellesley, 1. książę Wellington KG, GCB, GCH – brytyjski arystokrata, wojskowy i polityk.

Pochodził ze zubożałej anglo-irlandzkiej rodziny szlacheckiej, która zmieniła nazwisko z Wesley na Wellesley. Był trzecim synem Garreta Wesleya, który nosił tytuł pierwszego hrabiego Mornington. W latach 1781-1785 młody Wellesley pobierał nauki w Eton, a później, z powodu słabych wyników w Eton, w sławnej wojskowej akademii francuskiej w Angers.

Największą sławę zdobył w okresie wojen napoleońskich, przede wszystkim jako zwycięzca – wspólnie z Blücherem – pod Waterloo . Wcześniej z powodzeniem walczył z wojskami francuskimi w Hiszpanii i Portugalii oraz reprezentował Wielką Brytanię na kongresie wiedeńskim. Jeden z przywódców torysów, w latach 1828–1830 i przejściowo w 1834 r. pełnił funkcję premiera. Od 1847 r. był członkiem Royal Society.

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Cytaty Arthur Wellesley, 1. książę Wellington

„Chciałbym nadejścia Prusaków lub nocy.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1. książę Wellington
cytat przypisywany, wypowiedziany ponoć, gdy oddziały brytyjskie zostały zdziesiątkowane w trakcie bitwy pod Waterloo; w języku angielskim zdanie to jest najczęściej cytowane w formie Podaruj mi noc albo ześlij mi Blüchera (Give me the night or give me Blücher!)

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„Mięso armatnie i tyle.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1. książę Wellington
Anne Hill Wellesley, lady Mornington (matka Arthura Wellesleya)

„Bez niego nie zwyciężylibyśmy.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1. książę Wellington
o generale Johnie Moore – słowa z 1809 dotyczące jego udziału w bitwie pod La Coruñą.

„The history of a battle, is not unlike the history of a ball. Some individuals may recollect all the little events of which the great result is the battle won or lost, but no individual can recollect the order in which, or the exact moment at which, they occurred, which makes all the difference as to their value or importance.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: The history of a battle, is not unlike the history of a ball. Some individuals may recollect all the little events of which the great result is the battle won or lost, but no individual can recollect the order in which, or the exact moment at which, they occurred, which makes all the difference as to their value or importance... Letter to John Croker (8 August 1815), as quoted in The History of England from the Accession of James II (1848) by Thomas Babington Macaulay, Volume I Chapter 5 http://www.worldwideschool.org/library/books/hst/european/TheHistoryofEnglandfromtheAccessionofJamesIIVol1/chap5.html, p. 180.; and in The Waterloo Letters (1891) edited by H. T. Sibome

„Believe me, nothing except a battle lost can be half so melancholy as a battle won: the bravery of my troops hitherto saved me from the greater evil; but to win such a battle as this of Waterloo, at the expens of so many gallant friends, could only be termed a heavy misfortune but for the result to the public.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: My heart is broken by the terrible loss I have sustained in my old friends and companions and my poor soldiers. Believe me, nothing except a battle lost can be half so melancholy as a battle won: the bravery of my troops hitherto saved me from the greater evil; but to win such a battle as this of Waterloo, at the expens of so many gallant friends, could only be termed a heavy misfortune but for the result to the public. Letter from the field of Waterloo (June 1815), as quoted in Decisive Battles of the World (1899) by Edward Shepherd Creasy. Quoted too in Memorable Battles in English History: Where Fought, why Fought, and Their Results; with the Military Lives of the Commanders by William Henry Davenport Adams; Editor Griffith and Farran, 1863. p. 400.

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„It has been a damned nice thing — the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: It has been a damned serious business... Blucher and I have lost 30,000 men. It has been a damned nice thing — the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life. … By God! I don't think it would have been done if I had not been there. Remark to Thomas Creevey (18 June 1815), using the word nice in an older sense of "uncertain, delicately balanced", about the Battle of Waterloo. Creevy, a civilian, got a public interview with Wellington at headquarters, and quoted the remark in his book Creevey Papers (1903), in Ch. X, on p. 236; the phrase "a damned nice thing" has sometimes been paraphrased as "a damn close-run thing."

„Napoleon has humbugged me, by God“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: Napoleon has humbugged me, by God; he has gained twenty-four hours' march on me. At the Duchess of Richmond's ball (15 June 1815), as quoted in Camps, Quarters, and Casual Places http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/9460 (1896) by Archibald Forbes, quotes Captain Bowles account and citing the Letters of the First Earl of Malmesbury.

„It has been a damned serious business“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: It has been a damned serious business... Blucher and I have lost 30,000 men. It has been a damned nice thing — the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life. … By God! I don't think it would have been done if I had not been there. Remark to Thomas Creevey (18 June 1815), using the word nice in an older sense of "uncertain, delicately balanced", about the Battle of Waterloo. Creevy, a civilian, got a public interview with Wellington at headquarters, and quoted the remark in his book Creevey Papers (1903), in Ch. X, on p. 236; the phrase "a damned nice thing" has sometimes been paraphrased as "a damn close-run thing."

„Give me night or give me Blücher“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Comment made at a crisis point during during Battle of Waterloo at about 5.45 pm on 18 June. The Military Maxims of Napoleon by Napoleon Bonaparte, David G. Chandler, William E. Cairnes , p. 143 http://books.google.co.uk/books?um=1&spell=1&q=%22Give+me%0D%0Anight+or+give+me+Blucher%22+was+the+Duke%27s+prayer+at+about+5.45+pm+on+18+June.%0D%0Anight+or+give+me+Blucher%22+wellington&btnG=Search+Books Alternatively wording may have been "Night or the Prussians must come": quoted by David Howarth, page 162, "Waterloo: Day of Battle", ISBN=0-88365-273-0

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„I believe I forgot to tell you I was made a Duke.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Postscript to a letter to his brother Henry Wellesley (22 May 1814), published in Supplementary Despatches and Memoranda of Field Marshal Arthur, Duke of Wellington, K. G.: South of France, embassy to Paris, and Congress of Vienna, 1814-1815. Editors: Arthur Richard Wellesley Duke of Wellington, Arthur Richard Wellesley Wellington (2d Duke of). Editor: J. Murray, 1862. Origin of the original: Universidad de Michigan. Digitized: 28 November 2006. p. 100. Arthur Wellesley, 2nd Duke of Wellington

„I have seen their backs before, madam.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
This is attributed to Wellington as a statement to an unidentified woman at a reception in Vienna, who had apologized for the rudeness of some French officers who had turned their backs on him when he entered, as quoted in Bartlett's Book of Anecdotes (2000), edited by Clifton Fadiman and André Bernard, p. 568 Variant: 'Tis of no matter, your Highness, I have seen their backs before. This is attributed to Wellington as a statement to King Louis XVIII at a ball in the spring of 1814, as quoted in "Anecdotes of Wellington" at The Wellington Society of Madrid http://www.wellsoc.org/Anecdotes.htm

„We always have been, we are, and I hope that we always shall be, detested in France.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
As quoted in Wellington and His Friends (1965) by Gerald Wellesley, 7th Duke of Wellington, p. 138, and in The Economist (16 June 2005) http://www.economist.com/printedition/displayStory.cfm?story_id=4079435

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